NILE VIRUS UPDATE!!
NILE VIRUS CHANGED TO ENDEMIC DISEASE STATUS; FEES WILL BE CHARGED
FOR SOME WNV TESTING-Government
veterinary officials recently designated West Nile virus (WNV)
as an endemic disease in the United States. The USDA’s Animal
and Plant Health Inspection Service Veterinary Services previously
had considered WNV a Foreign Animal Disease, since it had never
been detected in the United States prior to 1999. The designation
should help the National Veterinary Services Laboratories in Ames,
Iowa, focus more resources on testing suspect cases of equine
and ovine diseases not considered endemic in the country.
MAY FEED WEST NILE VIRUS -Global
warming means more than just more-severe sunburns and faster-melting
polar ice caps. With traces of the West Nile virus turning up
in breast milk, at blood banks and in donated organs, health researchers
are focusing with greater determination on global warming's contribution
to how widely and rapidly the disease spreads. And, they warn,
the current outbreak could be just a foretaste of the insect-borne
viral epidemics to come...MORE...
NILE VIRUS VACCINATION IN MARES AND FOALS There
were 14,358 reported equine cases of West Nile virus (WNV) in
the United States in 2002 by Dec. 1 according to the USDA, and
many broodmares were exposed to the virus even if not clinically
affected. As the country begins its fifth year of handling the
disease, broodmare owners have many questions about how to vaccinate
mares and foals appropriately. MORE...
VACCINATION PROGRAM On Nov. 3, the Florida Equine
Practice Committee met in Ocala, Fla. One of the main topics of
discussion was the protocol for using the West Nile virus equine
vaccine manufactured by Fort Dodge Animal Health.
archived stories on WNV, visit http://www.TheHorse.com/wnv.
NILE VIRUS VACCINE CHALLENGE STUDY Q&A
Chiang, MS, PhD, of Fort Dodge Animal Health and one of the authors
of the recently released West Nile virus vaccine challenge study,
recently answered some questions about the study and its results.
more about what the study means for the equine industry.
state updates and daily developments on WNV at http://www.TheHorse.com/wnv
A WEST NILE VIRUS EDUCATIONAL SEMINAR? Find all the background
information you need and updates on WNV at http://www.TheHorse.com/wnv.
The data includes an up-to-date U.S. map showing WNV infection,
and a comprehensive list of state WNV contacts. Also, look for
"West Nile Virus Alert!" in the October issue of The Horse, which
mailed to magazine subscribers late last week and is now available
on newsstands. (Find a retail outlet at http://www.TheHorse.com/outlets.asp
or call us at 800/582-5604.) This sixteen-page article gives information
from the experts on the virus, which has changed the way we care
for our horses over the past three years. Diagrams, mosquito control
tips, and maps reinforce the article's goal: To inform horse owners
of the history and clinical signs of the disease, and to tell
them how to protect their equine friends.
West Nile Virus Brochure
American Veterinary Medical Association offers a brochure for
veterinarians with basic facts about WNV and resulting disease,
and how to help clients and the public better understand and avoid
infection. For more information, prices, and to view a copy, visit
RELATED SITE: CDC
West Nile Virus Home Page
NILE VIRUS (WNV) UPDATES
Path of WNV in Canada
owners in Canada are becoming just as wary of the neurological
disease WNV as their U.S. neighbors. The virus has already affected
at least ten horses in the Manitoba province, and officials are
recommending mosquito control techniques and equine vaccination.
WNV news: For more information on WNV, an up-to-date U.S. map
showing WNV infection, and a comprehensive list of state WNV contacts,
Find out more about West Nile virus on our site at What
is West Nile Virus?
Officials Urge Steps Against West Nile Virus(click link to
left to read)
INSECT-BORNE DISEASE UPDATES
AND WESTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS
equine encephalitis (EEE) and Western equine encephalitis (WEE)
are mosquito-borne viral diseases that primarily affect horses
east and west of the Mississippi River, as their names imply.
Because of the zoonotic nature of EEE and WEE (their ability to
cause disease in humans and horses), and the unusual occurrence
of EEE cases in Wisconsin, Iowa, and Minnesota during 2001, all
horses in the continental United States should be vaccinated for
these diseases, according to authors of an
article in the April 2002 issue of Equine
Disease Quarterly. The full article in Equine Disease
Quarterly with maps is available here.
HEALTH LINK: LYME DISEASE With the summer
approaching hastily, we also expect the onset of tick season.
Lyme disease is a bacterial illness caused by the spirochetal
(corkscrew-shaped) bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. It is most
commonly transmitted by the bite of infected ticks, usually those
referred to as "deer ticks" or "black legged ticks." To read more
on how you can protect your horse from this disease, visit HorseMatters.com
and click on the horse health link to the left of the page. Use
the "Want To Know?" dropdown menu to locate the article in the
don't forget, for 100% Natural, Effective protection against Lyme
Disease, West Nile Virus and more, be sure and order Equine
Fly Stop here
or at our mini-site, here.
Herpesvirus Encephalomyelopathy in Virginia
Nile Virus Vaccine Released
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